The objective wasto formulate a New Education Policy for the country through an inclusive, participatory and holistic approach.
The National Policy on Education was framed in 1986 and modified last in 1992. Since then several changes have taken place that calls for a revision of the Policy. The Government of India would like to bring out a National Education Policy to meet the changing dynamics of the population’s requirement with regards to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry. For this purpose, 33 themes have been identified in end results . 13 in School Education and 20 themes in Higher Education sectors.
NDA 1 Govt urged citizens of country to give their valuable suggestions which can improve our education system in 2015 itself by the then Minister Smt Smriti Irani Ji , below was the erstwhile shared link by MHRD
NEP Consultation process :
- Online : www.MyGov.in (26.01.2015 – 31.10.2015)
- Nearly 2.5 lakhs Gram Panchayats, 6600 Blocks, 6000 ULBs, 676 Districts (May-Oct. 2015)
- Draft NEP, 2019 Summary was in 22 languages/Audio Book
- Education Dialogue with MPs of Andhra Pradesh , Kerala , Telangana, Tamil Nadu , Puducherry, Karnataka & Odisha
- Special Meeting of CABE (21.09.2019)
- Parliamentary Standing Committee on HRD on 07.11.2019
education system that contributes directly to transforming our nation
sustainably into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society, by
providing high quality education to all.
Policy Overview Key Points
( i ) School Education
A. Early childhood education: The Policy emphasizes the criticality of the early years and aims to ensure quality early childhood care and education for all children between 3-6 years by 2025 with significantly increased investment and new initiatives.
B. Foundational literacy and numeracy: There will be special attention paid to early language and mathematics in Grades 1-5. The Policy aims to ensure that every student in Grade 5 and beyond must achieve foundational literacy and numeracy by 2025.
C. Curriculum and pedagogy: A new developmentally-appropriate curriculum and pedagogical structure for school education based on principles of brain development and learning has been developed based on a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 design.
— Class 1
— Class 2
— Class 3
— Class 4
— Class 5
Middle School (3)
— Class 6
— Class 7
— Class 8
— Class 9
— Class 10
— Class 11
— Class 12
There will be equal
emphasis on all subjects – science, social sciences, art, languages, sports, mathematics with integration of vocational and academic streams in school.
D. Universal access: The Policy aims to achieve 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio for all school education by 2030 through various measures.
E. Equitable and inclusive education: The Policy has several concerted initiatives to ensure that no child loses any opportunity to learn and excel because of the circumstances of birth or background. Special education zones will also be set up to focus on this.
F. Teachers: Teachers will be recruited through robust, transparent processes, promotions will be merit-based, multi-source periodic performance appraisals will happen and progression paths to become educational administrators or teacher educators will be
G. School Governance: Schools will be organized into school complexes (cluster of 10-20 public schools) – this will be the basic unit of governance and administration that will ensure availability of all resources – infrastructure, academic (e.g. libraries) and people (e.g. art and music teachers) – along with a strong professional teacher community.
H. Regulation of Schools: Regulation and operations of schools will be carried out by separate bodies to eliminate conflicts of interest. There will be clear, separate systems for policy making, regulation, operations and academic matters.
II. Higher Education
a. New architecture: A new vision and architecture for higher education has been envisaged with large, well-resourced, vibrant multidisciplinary institutions. The current 800 universities and 40,000 colleges will be consolidated into about 15,000 excellent institutions.
b. Liberal education: A broad-based liberal arts education at the undergraduate level for integrated, rigorous exposure to science, arts, humanities, mathematics and professional fields will be put in place. This would have imaginative and flexible curricular structures, creative combinations of study, integration of vocational education and multiple entry/exit points.
c. Governance: Institutional governance will be based on autonomy – academic, administrative and financial. Each higher education institution will be governed by an Independent Board.
d. Regulation: Regulation will be ‘light but tight’ to ensure financial probity and public- spiritedness – standard setting, funding, accreditation, and regulation will be conducted by independent bodies to eliminate conflicts of interest.
III. Teacher Education
Teacher preparation programmes will be rigorous and will take place in vibrant, multidisciplinary higher education institutions. The 4-year integrated stage-specific, subject- specific Bachelor of Education offered at multidisciplinary institutions would be the predominant way of becoming a teacher. Substandard and dysfunctional teacher education institutes will be shut down.
IV. Professional Education
All professional education will be an integral part of the higher education system. Stand- alone technical universities, health science universities, legal and agricultural universities, or institutions in these or other fields, will be discontinued.
V. Vocational education
This will be an integral part of all education – this Policy aims to provide access to vocational education to at least 50% of all learners by 2025.
VI. National Research Foundation
A new entity will be set up to catalyze and expand research and innovation across the country.
VII. Technology in education
This Policy aims at appropriately integrating technology into all levels of education to improve classroom processes, support teacher professional development, enhance educational access for disadvantaged groups and streamline educational planning, administration and management.
VIII. Adult Education
This Policy aims to achieve 100% youth and adult literacy by 2030.
IX. Promotion of Indian languages
The Policy will ensure the preservation, growth, and vibrancy of all Indian languages.
X. Financing Education
There will be substantial public investment to expand and vitalize public education.
XI. Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog
Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or National Education Commission will be formed, headed by the Prime Minister – this will be the custodian of the vision of education in India.
Policy Details – Key Points
- Strengthening Early Childhood Care and Education
Objective : Every child in the age range of 3-6 years has access to free, safe, high quality, developmentally appropriate care and education by 2025.
- Ensuring foundational literacy and numeracy among all children.
Objective : By 2025, every student in Grade 5 and beyond has achieved foundational literacy and numeracy.
- Ensuring universal access to and retention in education at all levels.
Objective: Achieve access and participation in free and compulsory quality school education for all children in the age group of 3-18 years by 2030.
- New curricular and pedagogical structure for school education.
Objective: Curriculum and pedagogy are transformed by 2022 in order to minimize rote learning and instead encourage holistic development and 21st century skills such as critical thinking, creativity, scientific temper, communication, collaboration, multilingualism, problem solving, ethics, social responsibility, and digital literacy.
- Teachers – Torchbearers of change.
Objective: To ensure that all students at all levels of school education are taught by passionate, motivated, highly qualified, professionally trained and well equipped teachers.
- Equitable and inclusive education for every child in the country. This aims to shape an education system that benefits all of India’s children so that no child loses any opportunity to learn and excel because of the circumstances of birth or background.
Objective: Achieve an inclusive and equitable education system so that all children have equal opportunity to learn and thrive, and so that participation and learning outcomes are equalized across all genders and social categories by 2030.
- Governance in school education through school complexes.
Objective: Schools are grouped into school complexes to facilitate the sharing of resources and render school governance more local, effective, and efficient.
- Regulation of school education.
Objective: India’s school education system is invigorated through effective regulation and accreditation mechanisms that ensure integrity and transparency, and foster quality and innovation for continually improving educational outcomes.
- New institutional architecture.
Objective: Revamp the higher education system, create world class institutions across the country – increase Gross Enrolment Ratio to at least 50% by 2035.
- Focus on high quality liberal education.
Objective: Move towards a more imaginative and broad-based liberal education as a foundation for holistic development of all students, with rigorous specialization in chosen disciplines and fields.
- Creating a conducive learning environment.
Objective: Ensure a joyful, rigorous and responsive curriculum, engaging and effective pedagogy, and caring support to optimize learning and the overall development of students.
- Energized, engaged and capable faculty.
Objective: Empowered faculty with high competence and deep commitment, energized for excellence in teaching and research.
- Empowered governance and autonomy.
Objective: Independent, self-governed higher education institutions with capable and ethical leadership.
- Transformation of the Regulatory System.
Objective: Effective, enabling and responsive regulation to encourage excellence and public – spiritedness in higher education.
- Rigorous teacher preparation.
Objective: Ensure that teachers are given the highest quality training in content, pedagogy and practice, by moving the teacher education system into multidisciplinary colleges and universities, and establishing the four-year integrated Bachelor’s Degree as the minimum qualification for all school teachers.
- Reintegrating professional education into higher education, Revitalizing professional education.
Objective: Build a holistic approach to the preparation of professionals, by ensuring broad – based competencies and 21st century skills, an understanding of the social-human context, and a strong ethical compass, in addition to the highest-quality professional capacities.
National Research Foundation
- Catalyzing Quality Academic Research.
Objective: Catalyze and energise research and innovation across the country in all academic disciplines, with a special focus on seeding and growing research at universities and colleges – create a conducive ecosystem for research through competitive peer- reviewed funding,
mentoring and facilitation.
Additional Key Focus Areas
- Education Technology.
Objective: Appropriate integration of technology into all levels of education – to support teacher preparation and development; improve teaching, learning and evaluation processes; enhance educational access to disadvantaged groups; and streamline educational planning, administration and management.
- Vocational Education.
Objective: Integrate vocational education into all educational institutions – schools, colleges and universities. Provide access to vocational education to at least 50% of all learners by 2025.
- Adult Education .
Objective: Achieve 100% youth and adult literacy rates by 2030, and significantly expand adult and continuing education programmes.
- Promotion of Indian Languages.
Objective: Ensure the preservation, growth, and vibrancy of all Indian languages. A National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit will also be set up.
Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog
- Transforming Education: Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog.
Objective: Synergistic functioning of India’s education system, to deliver equity and excellence at all levels, from vision to implementation, led by a new Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog. The Indian education system needs inspiring leadership which will also ensure excellence of execution.
- a. The Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or the National Education Commission will be constituted as an apex body chaired by the Prime Minister himself .
- b. The Union Minister of Education shall be the Vice Chairman with direct responsibilities related to day-to-day matters
- c. The Aayog will comprise eminent educationists, researchers, Union Ministers, a representation of Chief Ministers of States and eminent professionals from various fields. All members of the Aayog will be people with high expertise and record of public contribution in their fields, and will be people with unimpeachable integrity and independence.
- d. The Aayog will be the custodian of education in India. It will champion an integrated national vision of education while nurturing the diversity of our society. It will facilitate effective and synchronized vision and action from all concerned actors and leaders across national, State, and institutional levels.
- e. The Aayog will work closely with every State to ensure coordination and synergy. States may set up apex State level bodies for education which may be called the Rajya Shiksha Aayog or the State Education Commission.
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